The world’s largest companies are under-reporting sustainability policies and performance, hampering investors’ access to data that will allow them to play a full role in the transition to a low-carbon economy, according to a new report released today.
The study, Measuring sustainability Disclosure: Ranking the World’s Stock Exchanges 2016, finds that of 4469 large companies analysed, only 47 per cent disclosed GHGs, arguably the most closely tracked sustainability indicator. Furthermore, over the 2010-2014 period, the number of large companies that disclosed GHGs nudged up just 12 points from 33 per cent to 47 per cent despite a number of high-profile policy initiatives aimed at sustainability disclosure in the last few years.
First commissioned by Aviva Plc in 2012 as part of the Sustainable Stock Exchange Initiative, the report tracks corporate disclosure on seven sustainability indicators – payroll, GHGs, energy, water, waste, injury rate and employee turnover. Written by Corporate Knights, it also suggests how such disclosure can be translated into actionable key performance indicators, which might help investors to distinguish companies that are incorporating sustainability into their value creation story.
Steve Waygood, Chief Responsible Investment Officer at Aviva Investors, said:
“We go further than ever in this fifth annual report by looking beyond disclosure and into performance analysis. For each exchange, we assess carbon intensity, fossil fuel reserve intensity and the percentage of listed companies whose businesses involve environmentally-friendly activities, technologies and services versus high-carbon emission activities. This is a significant step forward that will empower investors to increase the integration of sustainability factors into investment decision making.”
Mark Wilson, Group Chief Executive Officer at Aviva, said:
“I urge stock exchanges and regulators to establish a mandatory requirement for the disclosure of environmental, social and governance information, introduced on a “comply or explain” basis. This will help establish and maintain clear expectations, while allowing companies the flexibility they need. I also call again for the International Organization of Securities Commissions, which sets standards for the securities sector as a whole, to develop globally consistent listing rules.”
The report includes the following further recommendations:
- Policymakers and securities regulators in both developed and emerging economies are encouraged to study the possibility of influencing investment returns based on the corporate sustainability of the securities issuer. For instance, dividends of issuers in the same sector could be taxed more highly or lowly depending on sustainability ratings.
- The more highly ranked stock exchanges have at least one mandatory, prescriptive requirement to regulate sustainability disclosure. It is recommended other jurisdictions consider this approach or convert existing voluntary policies into mandatory ones.
- Stock exchanges are encouraged to track and publicly report on listed entities that are engaging in sustainability disclosure and those that are not to put pressure on laggards.
Exchanges rising and falling
Euronext Amsterdam was the world’s best performing exchange when it came to disclosure of sustainability metrics. Over 50 per cent of its large listings disclosed all four environmental metrics – GHGs, energy, water and waste. Stock exchanges in European developed countries dominated the top 10 rankings, with the exception of the Australian Securities Exchange and the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.
The London Stock Exchange, which placed eighth in the ranking, saw 95 per cent of its large companies disclose GHGs. This makes it the home of the largest proportion of GHGs among large stock exchanges (more than 100 companies with a market capitalization of at least $2 billion). The UK’s 2013 update of the Companies Act Made GHG disclosure mandatory for listed UK incorporated companies.
There was a general absence of progress among stock exchanges in the lower half of the ranking. Some 21 stock exchanges have been placed in the bottom half at least three consecutive times and remain there this year. Among emerging economies, The Stock Exchange of Thailand and Bursa Malaysia climbed sharply in the last two years, landing in 13th place and 17th place, compared to 27th and 23rd place in 2014.
Click here to go back to the report landing page.