Helsinki

This coastal city has some of the best air quality and largest area of open spaces in Europe in the 2022 index universe. Because of Helsinki’s compact nature, sustainable modes of transport like walking, cycling or public transportation are among the highest in Europe. Additionally, Helsinkians produce less solid waste per capita than any other European city in the 2022 index universe. Like its Nordic neighbours, Lahti and Oslo, Helsinki is able to access Finland’s vast financial resources for adapting to climate change emergencies, with fairly low vulnerability, with one of the top climate change resilience scores of cities in Europe.

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